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Progression in Geography

Progression in Geographical knowledge, concepts and skills

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Locational knowledge

 

(Concepts – Place and space)

Know the names of the four countries that make up the UK and name the three main seas that surround the UK

 

Know the names of and locate the seven continents of the world

 

Know the names of and locate the five oceans of the world

 

Know the name of and locate the four capital cities of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland

Know the names of and locate at least eight European countries

 

Know the names of and locate at least eight counties and at least six cities in England

 

Know the names of four countries from the southern and four from the northern hemisphere

Know the names of and locate at least eight major capital cities across the world

 

Know where the main mountain regions are in the UK

Know, name and locate the main rivers in the UK

 

Know where the equator, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn and the Greenwich Meridian are on a world map

 

Know what is meant by the term ‘tropics’

 

 

 

Know the names of a number of European capitals

 

Know the names of, and locate, a number of South or North American countries

 

Know about time zones and work out differences

 

Place knowledge

 

(Concepts – Place,  space and interconnections)

Know features of hot and cold places in the world

 

Know the main differences between a place in England and that of a small place in a non-European country

 

Know at least five differences between living in the UK and a Mediterranean country

 

 

Know key differences between living in the UK and in a country in either North or South America

 

Human and Physical Geography

 

(Concepts – Environment, interconnections and physical and human processes)

Know which is the hottest and coldest season in the UK

Know and recognise main weather symbols

 

Know the main differences between city, town and village

 

Identify the following physical features: mountain, lake, island, valley, river, cliff, forest and beach

 

Explain some of the advantages and disadvantages of living in a city or village.

 

Know what causes an earthquake

 

Label the different parts of a volcano

 

Know and label the main features of a river

 

Know the name of and locate a number of the world’s longest rivers

Know the names of a number of the world’s highest mountains

 

Explain the features of a water cycle

 

Know why most cities are located by a river

 

 

Know what is meant by biomes and what are the features of a specific biome

 

Label layers of a rainforest and know what deforestation is

 

Know the names of and locate some of the world’s deserts

 

Know why are industrial areas and ports are important

Know main human and physical differences between developed and third world countries

 

 

Geography field work and skills

 

(Concepts – place, space and scale)

Know where the equator, North Pole and South Pole are on a globe

 

Know which is N, E, S and W on a compass

 

Know their address, including postcode

 

Know and use the terminologies: left and right; below, next to

 

Use maps to locate European countries and capitals.

 

Know and name the eight points of a compass

 

Use maps and globes to locate the equator, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and the Greenwich Meridian

 

 

Know how to plan a journey within the UK, using a road map

 

Know how to use graphs to record features such as temperature or rainfall across the world

 

Use Google Earth to locate a country or place of interest and to follow the journey of rivers, etc.

 

Know what most of the ordnance survey symbols stand for

Know how to use six-figure grid references

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