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Statements in red are linked from other topics

Progression in Scientific

knowledge, concepts & skills


Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4


Year 5


Year 6




Cause and effect



Working Scientifically




Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.


Children talk about features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.


Children make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur and talk about changes.

Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense (Animals including Humans)




Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with vibrations


Know how the vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear


Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produce it.


Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and the object that produced it


Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases




Waves on water as undulations which travel through water with transverse motion; these waves can be reflected, and add or cancel superposition


Frequencies of sound waves, measured in Hertz (Hz); echoes, reflection and absorption of sound


Sound needs a medium to travel; the speed of sound in air, in water, in solids


Sound produced by vibrations of objects in loudspeakers is detected by their effects on the microphone, diaphragm and the ear drum; sound waves are longitudinal.


Auditory range of humans and animals


Pressure waves transferring energy; used for cleaning and physiotherapy by ultrasound.


Waves transferring information for conversion to electrical signals by microphone


Possible learning questions





How is the sound that your favourite band makes enjoyed by you?