Skip to content ↓

Seasonal Changes


Statements in red are linked from other topics

Progression in Scientific

knowledge, concepts & skills

EYFS (Early Learning Goals)

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4


Year 5

Year 6





Cause and Effect

Similarity and Difference


Working Scientifically




Children know about similarities and difference in relation to places, objects, materials and living things


Children talk about features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another


Children make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur and talk about changes



Observe changes across the four seasons


Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies (temperatures during the day and night)



Recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyes (Light)



Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the Sun across the sky (Earth and Space)


The seasons and the Earth’s tilt, day length at different times of year, in different hemispheres

Possible Learning Challenge Questions



Why does it get dark earlier in winter?


How do the seasons impact on what we do?