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Statements in red are linked from other topics

Progression in Scientific

knowledge, concepts & skills


(Early Learning Goals)

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4


Year 5


Year 6




Cause and effect



Working Scientifically




Children know about similarities and difference in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.


Children talk about features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another


Children make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur and talk about changes




Identify common appliances that run on electricity


Construct a simple series electrical circuit and name its basic parts


Identify whether a lamp will light based on whether the circuit is a complete loop


Recognise the function of a switch in a circuit


Identify common conductors and insulators



Associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in a circuit


Compare and give reasons for how components function (brightness of bulbs, loudness of buzzers)


Know and use recognised circuit symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram


Electric current, measured in amperes, in circuits, series and parallel circuits, currents add where branches meet and current as flow of charge


Potential difference, measured in volts, battery and bulb ratings; resistance, measured in ohms, as the ratio of potential difference (p.d.) to current


Differences in resistance between conducting and insulating components (quantitative)


Static electricity

Possible learning questions





Could we cope without electricity at home?



Could we live without electricity?


How has electricity changed the world?