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Animals, including humans


Statements in red are linked from other topics

Progression in Scientific knowledge, concepts & skills


(Early Learning Goals)

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6








Working Scientifically



Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.


They talk about features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.


They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur and talk about changes.


Identify and label a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals)


Know carnivores, herbivores and omnivores


How to care for pets


Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and link to senses.


Know that animals have offspring that grow to be adults


Know what animals and humans need to survive


Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amount of different types of food and hygiene

Know that animals, including humans, need the right types and amounts of nutrition which comes from what they eat


Know that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.

Know the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans


Know types and simple functions of teeth in humans


Construct and interpret food chains (identifying producers, predators and prey)




Know the changes as humans develop to old age


Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird


Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals (Living things and their Habitats)


Know the main parts of the human circulatory system


Describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood


Know the impact of diet, exercise and drugs on the body


Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.


Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including micro-organisms and plants and animals


Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics (Living things and their Habitats)


Reproduction in humans including the structure and function of the male and female reproductive systems, menstrual cycle, fertilisation, gestation and birth


The consequences of imbalance in the diet, including obesity, starvation and deficiency diseases


The effects of recreational drugs


The structure and functions of the gas exchange system in humans


The mechanism of breathing to move air in and out of the lungs


The impact of exercise, asthma and smoking on the human gas exchange system

Possible Learning Challenge Questions


Why are humans not like tigers?

How will 5 a day help me to be healthy?


How could you be the next Jessica Ennis or Steven Gerrard?


How can Usain Bolt move so quickly?

What happens to the food we eat?

How different will you be when you are as old as your grandparents?

What would a journey through your body be like?